Ed Reform “Miracles” – or Mirages? 10 Years of “No Child Left Behind” has led to cheating & lies (via Seattle Education 2010) #netDE

Ed Reform “Miracles” – or Mirages? 10 Years of "No Child Left Behind" has led to cheating & lies The Great Ed Reform Swindle From the since de-beatified "Texas Miracle" of 2000 that inspired the creation of  George W. Bush's "No Child Left Behind," to the latest revelations about Washington D.C.'s falsified  student test scores under ed reform's broom-wielding 'superwoman' Michelle Rhee, 10 years of the  punitive ed reform agenda and its so-called "successes" have turned out to be a bust. D.C. mirage under Michelle Rhee: [caption id="attachm … Read More

via Seattle Education 2010

Déjà Vu on the Whole “Turnaround” Thing? – Rick Hess Straight Up – Education Week #RTTT #netDE

Déjà Vu on the Whole “Turnaround” Thing? – Rick Hess Straight Up – Education Week

For all the enthusiasm that school turnarounds are generating in some quarters, I’ve been consistently underwhelmed by the coherence or historical literacy of the would-be turnarounders. While a new bit of jargon–the term “turnaround” (can’t you just feel the power?)–and $3.5 billion in designated federal funding for School Improvement Grants is enough to push many an edu-reformer to the brink of hubris, it’s fairly clear that no one actually knows what to do. More to the point, it’s clear they’ve mostly ignored what we’ve learned from previous go-rounds.

This all came to mind yesterday while I was over at the U.S. Capitol participating in a conversation on “Avoiding Déjà Vu: Lessons from the Federal Comprehensive School Reform Program for the Current School Turnaround Agenda.” Hosted by the Knowledge Alliance and WestEd, the discussion focused on the implications of Marty Orland’s new report on the findings from WestEd’s big evaluation of the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration Program (CSRD).

First enacted in 1998, and wrapped into No Child Left Behind, CSRD required low-performing schools to implement eleven “school reform” components in return for federal funds. The eleven entailed: proven methods and strategies, comprehensive design, professional development, measurable goals, support from staff members, support for staff members, parent and community involvement, external assistance, evaluation, coordination of resources, and scientifically based research. Good stuff, right? Thoughtful, based on careful research, backed by new funding, yada yada.

The results? Dismal. Orland reports that “the CSR program did not yield comprehensively reformed schools.” While “states receiving CSR funds largely succeeded in passing them along to those schools most in need” (whoopee!!!), at the same time, “schools receiving CSR awards made little progress in implementing…the 11 mandated components.” Astonishingly, CSR schools were actually less likely to implement the various CSR elements than were matched comparison schools.

Orland proceeds, “Given these findings, it is not surprising that receiving a CSR award was not associated with improvements in either mathematics or reading achievement. Five years after initially receiving their CSR awards, schools receiving awards did not demonstrate larger achievement growth than matched comparison schools.” Just 12 of 262 CSR schools made “significant improvements in reading and mathematics over the next two years.” Moreover, Orland reported that examining particular cases pointed to “an often chaotic and sometimes irrational environment that can thwart the sustainability of hard-won gains.”

Adding to the poignancy of Orland’s account, these findings follow nearly a decade of policymaker frustration with the disappointing track record of NCLB’s once-heralded “remedy cascade.” Public choice, supplemental services, corrective action plans, and reconstitution have all been implemented limply and to little effect. For a collection of terrific analyses on this count, check out the volume No Remedy Left Behind that Checker Finn and I edited a couple years back.

So, you might expect some lessons from these experiences to be evident in the administration’s ESEA “blueprint.” Not so much. Rather, Duncan’s much-touted “loose-tight” proposal entails jettisoning NCLB’s overdone remedy cascade for most schools in return for a more prescriptive federal role in “turning around” schools that score in the bottom five percent on tested achievement. Currently, the blueprint calls for requiring those schools to adapt one of the four School Improvement Grant turnaround models: essentially chartering them, canning the principal and doing comprehensive reform, canning the principal and half the staff, or closing the school.

Color me skeptical. There’s little reason to think that chartering these schools works, and charter operators aren’t all that eager to take them on. The SIG transformation model looks to me a whole lot like CSR or corrective models that have never racked up much success. As for the “fire half of ’em” turnaround model, I’ll just note that firing half your employees usually isn’t a one-time solution. Most well-run outfits, private or public, don’t fire half their folks in one big bonfire, replace them, and then enjoy a miraculous transformation. Rather, weeding out mediocrity is a natural, sustained part of how they manage their team. That’s not an option here. And school closure is swell if we think there’s plenty of room at terrific schools that will welcome these kids, and if it won’t disrupt those schools. Unfortunately, most of the targeted schools aren’t in areas flush with terrific, under-capacity alternatives.

There are absolutely a bunch of awful schools out there that need to do better. Nobody needs to sell me on that. It’s nice that folks in ED are aware of that and want to do something about it. But the trick is that not every problem in the world is susceptible to a policy solution. Sometimes, there’s nothing a policymaker can do to solve a problem. When it comes to something like school improvement, something that’s a matter of practice, fidelity of implementation, and on-the-ground commitment, the frustrating fact is that federal policymakers can’t really do much. What can they do? They can provide data and transparency, research and evaluation, and political cover that permits local leaders to act, and they can scour their books to strike rules that hamstring hard-charging principals and superintendents. But that may be it. As much as federal officials would like to do more, it may well be that dramatically improving lousy schools is simply beyond the purview of folks sitting in DC office buildings, no matter how smart and well-intentioned.

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Wade Norris: Education ‘Reformer’ May Have Been Caught Cheating #huffpo @m_rhee #cheating

Wade Norris: Education ‘Reformer’ May Have Been Caught Cheating

Education ‘reformer’ Michelle Rhee, the much-touted darling of Arne Duncan and unfortunately our President, is now being investigated for falsifying test records of her students to improve her resume.

Rhee responded to the investigation by saying

“”It isn’t surprising,” Rhee said in a statement Monday, “that the enemies of school reform once again are trying to argue that the Earth is flat and that there is no way test scores could have improved … unless someone cheated.”


In its months-long investigation, which included documents obtained through Freedom of Information Act requests, USA TODAY looked at 103 public schools in the nation’s capital where tests showed a pattern of unusually high numbers of answers that had been changed from wrong to right. The improvements in test scores earned Rhee and the school system national attention.

But since 2008, more than half of D.C. schools were flagged by a testing company for having unusually high rates of wrong-to-right erasures. At one school, Noyes Education Campus, the number of erasures in one class was so high that the odds of winning the Powerball grand prize were better than the erasures occurring by chance.

A ‘reformer’ who was on a rising path in Washington political circles has near-to-impossible turnaround scores in schools to bolster her resume. What gives?

In the social sciences, there is an oft-repeated maxim called Campbell’s Law, named after Donald Campbell, a psychologist who studied human creativity. Campbell’s Law states that incentives corrupt. In other words, the more punishments and rewards–such as merit pay–are associated with the results of any given test, the more likely it is that the test’s results will be rendered meaningless, either through outright cheating or through teaching to the test in a way that narrows the curriculum and renders real learning obsolete.

So human nature dictates that teaching to a test does not create accountability for our teachers or our students, it only incentivizes cheating.

And, ironically, when Democrats start blaming teachers for poor results – more likely due to poverty than bad teaching – it emboldens guys like Scott Walker:

Walker’s argument – that greedy teachers are putting their own interests over the interests of the public – resonates in part because in recent years, many Democrats have made that argument as well.

Exhibit A is former D.C. schools chancellor Michelle Rhee.

At the end of the day, movements that are being proposed by Arne Duncan and his kind (even here in Colorado) which include great ideas such as increasing class size to improve education,
are not motivated by real reform, but rather to game the system in order to receive the favor of those paying for it – such as the billions provided by the Gates foundation or Philip Anschutz.

These ‘reform’ efforts may merely just may be misguided good intentions – but why take the chance when they are more likely exactly what we see in Wisconsin: a right-wing assault on the most leveling aspect of our democracy, a fair and free public education.

Teachers should be allow to teach a child from a holistic perspective – are they hungry? cold? emotionally challenged from a family issue? – without being worried about firings based on a testing system created by some politico in DC.

If getting ahead means cheating to gain favor with rich donors who back a right-wing Republican agenda, then maybe we should examine whether those who claim to be Democratic ‘reformers’ actually have our children’s interests at heart — ahead of their own.

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This Week In Education: Thompson: How Today’s “Reformers” Will Fail (Again) #russo #thompson #RTTT

This Week In Education: Thompson: How Today’s “Reformers” Will Fail (Again)

Back when I was an excitable young Teamster, I had the same anger toward my corrupt union leaders as today’s “reformers” have towards the educational “status quo.” But a union reformer shared the old Okie wisdom of “don’t go off rootin’ and tootin’…” and, eventually, democracy prevailed in our labor movement. Today, data-driven school “reform” is a two-barreled shotgun blast from the hip. The first target, is bad teachers. Given the harm that the bottom 5 to 10% of teachers cause, the quick-draw approach of the accountability hawks is understandable, even though their scatter-shot aim is bound to destroy the careers of many good educators. But the second shot is directed towards our best educators. Anyone old enough to have an institutional memory, and recall the lessons of earlier unsuccessful reforms, is fair game. Since most of today’s “reforms” are recycled quick fixes that have already failed, top-down policy wonks want to make sure that young educators are not exposed to the lessons that veterans learned during previous experiments.
History may not repeat itself, but it rhymes, and David Labaree explains why today’s accountability hawks are destined for the ash heap of history. I hate the title of his new book, Someone Has to Fail, when the real message is how to avoid “cuttin’ and shootin.'” Labaree explains why good teachers are so adept at derailing the best laid plans of the educational social engineers. He documents the shared characteristics of a century of educational reforms, but he does not paint reformers with a broad brush. Instead, Labaree celebrates great teaching. He then explains why reformers invariably feel the need to defeat the best educators in order impose their will on schools.
For learning to occur, teachers must establish a special type of personal relationship. As much as we try to hide it, children are conscripts, but learning will not occur unless kids are persuaded to be willing participants in their own education. “A surgeon can fix the ailment of the patient who sleeps through the operation, and a lawyer can successfully defend a client who remains mute during the trial,” writes Labaree, “But success for a teacher depends heavily on the active cooperation of the student.” Teachers must become adept in managing chronic educational dilemmas. Teachers must embrace the ambiguity in the “local ecologies” that are known as classrooms. “As a teacher I’m not applying laws, I’m choosing from an array of overlapping rules of thumb; my primary skill as a teacher is my judgement.”
In order to lead a classroom, the teacher must develop a persona that is similar to that of a method actor. In one sense, teaching is a dramatic performance art, but it only works when the teacher draws deeply from his or her own soul. The teacher persona, says Labaree, must be likeable and tough, and it is not something that “a teacher puts on lightly or sheds with ease.” Teaching “is a form of method acting that lasts not merely for the duration of the play but for the course of an entire career. It is not just a way of practicing a profession but a way of being.”
Once a teacher has learned how to motivate students, she is unlikely to change because some new theory is mandated, and that leads to endless conflict with reformers. “Teachers draw on clinical experience; reformers draw on social scientific theory. Teachers embrace the ambiguity of the class process and practice; reformers pursue the clarity of tables and graphs. Teachers put a premium on professional adaptability; reformers put a premium on uniformity of practices and outcomes.”
Today’s reformers, like their forefathers, “don’t doubt the virtue of their model of reform, so they have little tolerance for teacher resistance … The reform grid seems to carry the best ideas and highest values of our time, so practitioners of the old ways of doing things just need to get out of the way of progress.” Before long, these idealists become obsessed with defeating practitioners, and this is one of the saddest parts of the story. Reformers get so frustrated with teachers that they fail to heed our first rule, “do no harm.”
Labaree says that reformers could play a constructive role if they listened to David Tyack and Larry Cuban and not try to implement their policies in a pure form, but allow teachers to “hybridize” them. Labaree adds, however, that “no reformer worth his salt would take the wimpy and self-negating approach to school change that I have suggested here.”
On the other hand, Americans are justifiably proud of our independence. It is good that we have rejected five year plans and other forms of social engineering. The “solution” is to embrace our messy, imperfect, non-rational world. And that is another frustrating aspect of today’s “reforms.” Good-hearted activists have become so angered by the way schools resist their efforts, that they have become blind to the joys of teaching and learning. – JT

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Race to the Top anniversary celebration. @GovernorMarkell

We are plodding along, spending almost nothing compared to total $$ and I just continue to be dumbfounded that we celebrate having winners and losers. I am not hearing about RTTT from any educators, just politicians. This continues to be one of the saddest programs I have ever seen foisted on a populace in the history of education. Disaffected stakeholders getting hurt and politicians taking credit…..

SO much not true here.


Philadelpia Superintendent recommends three charter organizations to run low performing schools. #MLK

Charter operators named; some object to closed meeting – Philly.com

Charter operators named; some object to closed meeting
March 16, 2011|By Inquirer Staff Writer

Students who said they were turned away from SRC meeting protest outside an auditorium in the School…

Philadelphia schools superintendent Arlene Ackerman today recommended three charter operators to run six low-performing schools despite the protests of teachers and students.

In a meeting with the School Reform Commission this afternoon at District headquarters, Ackerman said she had chosen Mosaica Education to run Martin Luther King High and General David B. Birney Elementary; Mastery Charter to run George Clymer Elementary and Simon Gratz High School; and Aspira Charter Schools to take over Olney East and West High Schools.

Outside the auditorium, many students stood in mute protest, their mouths covered over with duct tape.

People who were not admitted were directed to an atrium where they could watch the proceedings on a closed-circuit television monitor.

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Marc Epstein: The Education Reformers’ End Game #HuffPo

Marc Epstein: The Education Reformers’ End Game

Okay, you’ve won! Tenure has been abolished. There are no limits on charters, and vouchers are available to all takers. Collective bargaining is a thing of the past. The dreaded fire-breathing dragon union now resembles a salamander. Governors, state legislatures, mayors and editorial boards, who’ve claimed that they can turn around the dismally depressing performance levels in our urban inner cities — if only these vestiges of the past were abolished — have had their way.

But some questions remain, because as Colin Powell once said when referring to post-war Iraq, the “Pottery Barn Rule” now applies. That is, “you break it, you own it.” So it might be useful if we ask the victors some questions about the new education landscape now that the “War on Entrenched Teachers & Unions” has been brought to a successful conclusion.

I was talking to a guidance counselor about students with special needs the other day. He told me that the number of kids attending city schools who live in shelters is at an all-time high. Just a few days ago, a colleague at an elementary school had told him that a number of these students, that had been placed in their building because their shelter was nearby, just disappeared without anyone informing the school administrators.

It seems that the city had moved them to another shelter, and they were shuffled off to the new location and another school without notice.

Now all obsolete, ineffective teachers on the losing side of the war believe that children placed in shelters have all sorts of disadvantages before they enter the schoolhouse door, a view not shared by the value-added reformers who maintain a good teacher should get any child to make a year’s worth of progress under their supervision. I wondered — if these students who were forced to move had been enrolled in a charter school, could the city demand that another charter school closer to their new shelter be required to accept them even if it means that they exceed their capacity?

Here’s another question: Which teachers are we going to hold responsible for these students’ performance? More than half the school year is over, and when we track student performance with less than 16 weeks left in the term, will their results be tied to their old teacher’s evaluations or the new one’s?

You might not realize it, but the problem isn’t just confined to homeless kids who are moved around like furniture. New York City has a remarkably unstable student population. Students drop in. They drop out. The most recent census figures indicate that the outflow of population from New York is the largest in the nation.

An NYU study tracked a student cohort numbering 86,000 that entered the first grade in 1995. It found that less than 40 percent remained in the system after eight years! How will the progress of these students be measured? Who will be rewarded for the unmeasurable progress? Who will be blamed?

Combine these numbers with the outflow New York is experiencing and you realize that the exodus can’t simply be blamed on poor public schools when people are leaving the state altogether, not just switching to private and parochial education.

We know this to be true because the Archdiocese of New York announced that it would be closing 27 schools in June.

As it stands now, 50 percent of the teachers who are hired in any given year leave the system voluntarily by their fifth year of teaching. So why are the generals in the Gates Reform Army so energized about holding on to the youngest teachers when half of them will be gone before you know it? Just what will a fabulously expensive tracking system track if neither teachers nor students remain in the system after a few years?

Will Gates, Bloomberg or Rhee suggest that a special court master be appointed so that a salary “clawback” paid to teachers who left the system after a few years and didn’t live up to the data’s expectations be created? After all, if you can do it with people who were on the winning side of the Madoff Ponzi scheme, why can’t you do with it teachers who don’t produce the good data?

Then there’s the testing conundrum. Now that the unions, seniority and tenure have been dispensed with, what are we going to do about the testing system that will tell us which teachers are worth retaining?

In New York, the Regents have admitted the tests they’ve been administering aren’t a valid measurement of student progress, and because of costs, they want to eliminate high school Regents exams in some subject areas instead of expanding them. So what are we going to do about high school teachers who don’t teach a Regents course?

How will we judge art, music and physical education teachers? For that matter, how will we measure teachers of languages like German, Hebrew and Latin? If a child enters a gym class overweight and doesn’t lose a designated amount will the teacher be held responsible? What skills do we expect art and music teachers to impart so that we can determine if they should be terminated?

Now imagine that the number of students enrolled in charter schools grows to about one half of the NYC school system. Who is going to be inspecting these schools to ensure that monies are properly spent, crimes and abuses are reported to the appropriate authorities, and that an excellent teacher isn’t fired because a capricious principal doesn’t find the teacher appealing?

In short, how do you finance and maintain a bureaucracy that actually has to deal with the nuts and bolts of educating hundreds of thousands of kids when everyone is on their own?

Bill Gates, a man who put his money where his mouth is when it came to financing the “War on Entrenched Teachers and Unions,” wants a new education environment that discards the 19th- and 20th-century industrial model, because as a man who made his fortune in the post-industrial age, he believes that we have to keep up with the times.

I’m sure that he envisions a day when we’ll be able to say “beam me up Bill and Melinda,” and we’ll all realize our educational potential. Why not distance learning without teachers at all? But until that day arrives, he might do well to study an earlier attempt to break away from the past by washing it away with a reform tsunami, and look at the bleak outcome we see in the field of mental health.

The New York Times recently ran an expose of the abuses that go unreported in mental health group homes in New York State. The movement to remove mental patients from the horrors of state hospitals in the ’70s and place them in group homes echoes in the arguments against our public schools and the need to “deinstitutionalize” students, moving them into charter schools. However, the litany of abuses documented in the group homes by the Times should give anyone who thinks that the smashing of one troubled institution and replacing it with another is the magic bullet.

Just how the reformers will remake the landscape is a matter of speculation. But I would suggest turning to China’s Cultural Revolution for guidance about how it will shake out. That’s because Utopian schemes foisted on large complex societies with religious zeal substituting for sound public policy usually end badly.

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USA Today: Possible testing fraud under Rhee in DC (via Failing Schools)

USA Today: Possible testing fraud under Rhee in DC "Our decisions at all levels must be guided by robust data." -DC Public Schools, Core Beliefs USA Today recently published an article about their investigation of reported testing irregularities in the DC Public Schools. Independent statisticians and testing experts cited in the investigation find that wrong-to-right-answer erasure patterns in DC schools like the celebrated Crosby S. Noyes Education Campus are too frequent and systematic to have … Read More

via Failing Schools

USA Today: Possible testing fraud under Rhee in DC (via Failing Schools)

USA Today: Possible testing fraud under Rhee in DC “Our decisions at all levels must be guided by robust data.” -DC Public Schools, Core Beliefs USA Today recently published an article about their investigation of reported testing irregularities in the DC Public Schools. Independent statisticians and testing experts cited in the investigation find that wrong-to-right-answer erasure patterns in DC schools like the celebrated Crosby S. Noyes Education Campus are too frequent and systematic to have … Read More

via Failing Schools

Morning Joe: Is Del. gov. the anti-Scott Walker? @GovernorMarkell

today’s appearance

The City of Wilmington DE – February 09, 2011 Education, Youth and Fam. Meeting

City school district testimony 2.9.11

part 2


Is there any doubt what Race to the Top is about? #RTTT @GovernorMarkell

So Delaware has a big press junket at Howard High School to show off the school and celebrate the one year anniversary of winning race to the top….top billing goes to????

Students? Wrong!

Teachers? Wrong!

Parents? Wrong!

It is a POLITICAL lovesfest headlined by Joe Biden, Arne Duncan, Governor Markell and Senator Coons…..

So sad. The educators on the outside looking in on their own school……if you had a doubt about RTTT let this allay your fears…it is all about the political capital associated with “fixing” schools……absolutely disgusting.

A great post with many reformy links! #edreform #fail #epicfail #RTTT @GovernorMarkell #TWIE @alexanderrusso

This Week In Education: Thompson: Counting Up Recent Reform FAILs


Thompson: Counting Up Recent Reform FAILs

Hubris Joanne Barkan’s recent Dissent article, “How Billionaires Rule Schools,” concludes that “the Big Three,” Gates, Broad, and Walton, keep marketing and selling reforms that don’t work because they are blinded by the ideological faith in the superiority of the private business model.” But the real problem is the “blinding hubris that comes from power. You don’t have to listen or see because you know you are right.”  Since Barkan’s article was published this winter, how many more studies by social scientists and/or journalists have again shown the billionaires to be oblivious to evidence against their pet “reforms?” My short list would begin with Roland Fryer on the failure of performance pay in NYC, USA Today’s series on raising test scores by cheating, the prelimary report of the National Research Council on D.C. testing,  National Education Policy Center critique of the LA Times anaysis on the value-added of teachers, and Richard Rothstein’s , “How Bill Gates Misrepresents Ed Facts.” JT (@drjohnthompson) Image via.


Digital recording of DE State Board of Education one step closer (via Kilroy’s delaware)

Committee Report 03/16/2011 HB 26 Sponsor: Willis AN ACT TO AMEND TITLE 14 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION Purpose of the bill: This bill will enhance communication between the State Board of Education and the public and State legislators. It requires that public meetings of the State Board of Education be digitally recorded and made available to the public on their website. Committee Findings: The committee found th … Read More

via Kilroy's delaware

Screw Ed Data Coaches; Joe Biden could have saved Delaware $8.2 million (via Kilroy’s delaware)

Read More

via Kilroy's delaware

Next Season on Survivor (via Seattle Education 2010) #RTTT #EdReform

Next Season on Survivor Have you heard about the next planned "Survivor" show? Three businessmen and three businesswomen will be dropped in an elementary school classroom for 1 school year.  Each business person will be provided with a copy of his/her school district's curriculum, and a class of 30-40 students. Each class will have a minimum of five learning-disabled children, three … Read More

via Seattle Education 2010

When Ed Reformers come to town…..this is what happens….. #NYT #Winerip #BobBobb #Detroit #RTTT

For Detroit Schools, Hope for the Hopeless – NYTimes.com

DETROIT — In 2009, Detroit public schools had the lowest scores ever recorded in the 21-year history of the national math proficiency test.

Fabrizio Costantini for The New York Times

Keimon Gordon attends a new public school run by teachers.

The district had a budget deficit of $200 million.

About 8,000 students were leaving Detroit schools each year.

Political leaders had to do something, so they rounded up the usual whipping boys:

Wasteful bureaucrats. In 2009, the governor appointed an emergency financial manager, Robert Bobb, a former president of the Washington school board, to run the Detroit district. Mr. Bobb is known nationally for his work in school finance, and recruiting him took a big salary, $425,000 a year. He has spent millions more on financial consultants to clean up the fiscal mess left by previous superintendents.

Greedy unions. Though Detroit teachers make considerably less than nearby suburban teachers (a $73,700 maximum versus $97,700 in Troy), Mr. Bobb pressed for concessions. He got teachers to defer $5,000 a year in pay and contribute more for their health insurance. Last week, the Republican-controlled Legislature approved a bill to give emergency managers power to void public workers’ contracts. If signed by the governor, Mr. Bobb could terminate the Detroit teachers’ union contract.

Traditional public schools full of incompetent veteran teachers. Michigan was one of the first states to embrace charter schools, 15 years ago. Currently there are as many Detroit children in charters — 71,000 — as in district schools. Now there is talk of converting the entire Detroit district (which is 95 percent African-American) to charters. Supporters say this could generate significant savings, since charters are typically nonunion and can hire young teachers, pay them less and give them no pensions.

So now, two years later, how are the so-called reforms coming along?

Not great.

Read On: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/14/education/14winerip.html?ref=education&pagewanted=all

Resume humor. #RTTT #NoProof #DPASSII

Two Bancroft legends enshrined forever.

Last night, the Christina Board of Education moved to name the Gymnasium and Library at Bancroft Elementary School for its two most influential leaders: Maurice Pritchett and Peter Vassos. The motion was passed unanimously!

Their selfless dedication to generations of Wilmington’s children at Bancroft and in the community at large will be forever remembered and live on in the very rooms that will now bear their deserved names! Congratulations to these two Bancroft Lions and their families.

Special thanks to those that signed petitions and wrote letters in support of these two outstanding community leaders!

Cerf and Christie analyzed. #Charters #truth #evidence #sad #NJ #Education

Shanker Blog » Digging For Data In The Garden State


In January, the New Jersey Department of Education released a report titled, “Living Up to Expectations: Charter Schools in New Jersey Outperforming District Schools.” It consisted of a list of charter schools and their students’ aggregate proficiency rates by grade, along with comparisons with the rates of the regular public school districts in which they are located. The state then tallied the number of charters with higher rates (79 percent in language arts, and 69 percent in math), and concluded – in a press release – that this represented evidence of superior performance. The conclusion was reported without scrutiny. Later that same day, NJ Governor Chris Christie formally announced his plan to expand the state’s charter school sector.

In a short post that evening, I pointed out the obvious fact that the state’s analysis was wholly inadequate to demonstrate charter performance – good, bad or indifferent – relative to comparable regular public schools. Rutgers Professor Bruce Baker did the same, and also presented a school-level analysis showing that there was no difference.

Christopher Cerf, the state’s acting education commissioner, decided to stand by the suspect results, basically saying that they were imperfect but good enough to draw the conclusions from.

It was an astonishing position. 

Isolating the effect of charter schools versus regular public schools is an exceedingly complicated endeavor. One must account for a huge array of observable and unobservable factors, including student characteristics, attrition, selection bias, and resources. It is, of course, impossible to control for everything, and that is why the research literature on charter effects is highly complex. The better analyses rely on sophisticated statistical models, longitudinal student-level datasets, and, when possible, experimental research designs using random assignment.

The state’s analysis consisted entirely of subtraction. The conclusions drawn from it offend the most basic principles of empirical research. Christopher Cerf is a smart guy, and I’m guessing that he knows this.

But for the efforts of one columnist – Bob Braun of the New Jersey Star Ledger – this issue would have gone largely unnoticed in the mainstream press. In a series of stories (also here, here and here), Braun pressed the state on its unfounded conclusions, and repeatedly asked that they release more detailed data, finally resorting to filing a public records request. The state delayed for weeks, and then refused to release data linking testing performance to school poverty and other student characteristics, arguing that it is under no legal obligation to produce analyses of student achievement by income (they also claimed that some of the data do not exist). For his part, Cerf called Braun’s request for an interview “transparently silly,” and claimed that his “anger and bias” compromised his objectivity.

Yesterday, Cerf and the state responded a bit more productively. He spoke at a state board of education meeting, acknowledging that the data “…are not what you might call nuanced,” and that the issue requires “deeper analysis.” He also announced that the state, in an effort to “increase transparency,” would release more data online and commission an independent study of NJ charter performance “as soon as humanly possible.”

Nevertheless, lack of nuance notwithstanding, Cerf continued to say that he stands by the original report, and repeated his conclusion that the state’s charters are outperforming its regular public schools. He specifically cited the performance of Newark charters, perhaps based on a an analysis by the organization Advocates for Children of New Jersey (one that was only marginally more sophisticated than the state’s).  Finally, Cerf made several references to the “relentless press attention” given to this episode, apparently referring to the Star-Ledger’s coverage.

This whole affair may be relatively unimportant in the grand scope of things, but it is still instructive. I am reminded how, back in January, Governor Christie was sent my original post on Twitter, and he responded as follows: “Just read it. Same old, warmed over union attacks sponsored by an institute named after union leader. Oh so objective! Thx”

Putting aside how strange it is to be accused of being non-objective by Chris Christie, of all people, he is of course partially correct – I do work for an institute named after a former union president. In my post, however, I specifically stated that I did not know how New Jersey charters performed this year. They may actually have done better than comparable district schools. Or they may have done worse. Or there may be no difference at all. My only point was that the analysis did not prove anything one way or the other. The name of the organization I work for doesn’t change these basic facts.

And neither will this new study that the state has commissioned. If the analysis ends up concluding that charters did indeed outperform regular public schools in NJ, I suspect (but am not certain) that Cerf will imply that he has been vindicated. But, at least to me, this is not about whether charters got higher test scores. It’s about how a state agency released a fourth-grade analysis on the same day its governor announced a policy “supported” by the results of that analysis. It’s about their standing by their study, even now, when everyone who has even a passing familiarity with research methodology knows that it proves nothing.

And, finally, it’s about the ever-growing politicization of education research. Governor Christie’s claim (on Twitter) that my pro-union viewpoint somehow invalidates my characterization of the facts was tactless and dismissive. But, in a sense, I am forced to admit that I’m beginning to feel the same way. Even knowing nothing about it, I have little faith in the forthcoming “independent” analysis. This may not be fair, but I have trouble believing that, given the political consequences at this point, the state would ever release a report that showed charter schools’ test scores are no different or worse than those of comparable regular public schools. I am suspicious that they will draw grand conclusions from small effect sizes, or that they will once again rely on simplistic methods, instead of the models that are necessary for making these comparisons. And I will not be satisfied until the data are made public, so that I and other researchers can perform our own analyses.

In short, even though I always try to respond with substance rather than ad hominem arguments, I may be just as guilty of pre-judging. And that makes me sad.

But there’s at least one crucial difference. Governor Christie and Commissioner Cerf are state officials who are supposed to put their personal biases aside in choosing the highest-quality evidence to guide their decisions on what’s best for millions of New Jersey schoolchildren.

I am just a researcher at an institute named after a union leader.


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